Lake Erie (pronounced /ˈɪəriː/) is the fourth largest (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes, and the tenth largest globally  It is the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume of the Great Lakes and therefore also has the shortest average water residence time. It is bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario, on the south by the U.S. states of Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York, and on the west by the state of Michigan. The lake is named after the Erie tribe of Native Americans who lived along its southern shore.
The lake's formerly more extensive lakebed creates a favorable environment for agriculture in the bordering areas of Ontario, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York. The lake also supports a strong commercial and sport fishery. But since high levels of pollution were discovered in the 1960s and 1970s, there has been continued debate over the desired intensity of commercial fishing.
Point Pelee National Park, the southernmost point of the Canadian mainland, is located on a peninsula extending into the lake. Several islands are found in the western end of the lake; these belong to Ohio except for Pelee Island and 8 neighboring islands, which are part of Ontario. The cities of Buffalo, New York; Erie, Pennsylvania; Toledo, Ohio; Port Stanley, Ontario; Monroe, Michigan; and Cleveland, Ohio are located on the shores of Lake Erie.
COMMUNITIES ON LAKE ERIE
Amherstburg (2006 population 21,748; UA population 13,410) is a town near the mouth of the Detroit River in Essex County, Ontario, Canada. It is approximately 25 kilometres (15 mi) south of Detroit.
The town, across the river from the United States, was permanently established as a British military fort in 1796. During the days of the Underground Railroad, the town was often the point at which freed slaves entered Canada.
Amherstburg is home to several tourist attractions, including Fort Malden and the North American Black Historical Museum.
Amherstburg is a town which takes pride in its history and on the first weekend of every August they hold a heritage festival comprised of activities at several locations around town. At Fort Malden for example, they hold a military timeline event where re-enactors depicting eras ranging from the Roman Empire to the Second World War establish camp and perform battle demonstrations
The local public high school in Amherstburg is General Amherst High School, named after Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst.
The Town of Kingsville is located in Essex County in southwestern Ontario, Canada and is Canada's Southernmost town. According to the 2006 census, the population of Kingsville is 20,908.
Kingsville is west of the Municipality of Leamington, south of Town of Lakeshore and southeast of the Town of Essex and north of Lake Erie.
The geography of Kingsville is typical of most of Essex County. The terrain is generally flat, and consists of glacial drift which is a mixture of various rocks, sand and clay. The town is approximately 570 feet above sea level.
 Famous facts
Kingsville is home to the country's southernmost gravel dock, which is replenished by Lake freighter from around the Great Lakes
Kingsville was the preferred vacation spot of the distiller Hiram Walker. He built the Mettawas Hotel in 1889 to attract others to the area, such as Ty Cobb, Teddy Roosevelt and Henry Ford.
Kingsville is home to the Jack Miner Bird Sanctuary. Jack Miner was awarded The Order of the British Empire (OBE) for his achievements in conservation in the British Empire. It was awarded June 23, 1943, by King George VI, as King of Canada. Jack Miner is considered "the father of the conservation movement on the continent".
Kingsville is home to Colasanti's Tropical Gardens which attracts many people from all over the world. The gardens have many varieties of tropical plants and animals.
Former major league baseball pitcher, Paul Quantrill, although born in London Ontario, grew up in Kingsville.
Team Canada Women's Ice Hockey player Meghan Agosta is from the Ruthven community in Kingsville. Agosta scored a hat trick on her birthday during the 2006 Winter Olympic games in Turin Italy.
Kingsville is the home town of the Great Lakes Jr. C team Kingsville Comets.
Kingsville is among the top 5 places in Canada chosen for CBC's Kraft Hockeyville 2008.
Kingsville has three elementary schools, Kingsville Public School and Jack Miner Public School, St. John de Brebeuf Catholic Elementary School.
Kingsville District High School (KDHS) has a student population of roughly 650.
Colchester is a large hamlet located in the town of Essex in Essex County in southwestern Ontario, Canada on the north shore of Lake Erie. It is the southernmost village in mainland Canada and lies along County Road 50 approximately 5.5 kilometers south of the village of Harrow. Colchester was formerly part of Colchester South Township and is in the Harrow postal code, N0R 1G0.
Today, in addition to its many lakeside cottages, Colchester is home to several hundred year-round residents who have converted older homes and built new ones. Restaurants, a public beach, and a marina have been an important part of Colchester for some years now. Newly developed properties are now part of a developers dream to 'liven up' this quiet and peaceful lakefront village in Essex County. Surrounded by many farms with small farmstands for direct sale to the public, and recently planted vineyards, it is hoped that more tourists will be drawn into an area becoming known for the production of award-winning Canadian wines.
The village was first settled by the Loyalists (called the United Empire Loyalists in Canada) during the American Revolution. The area was a destination for slaves escaping the U.S. via the Underground Railroad, and for freed slaves during and after the American Civil War. There are cemeteries dating to the 1700's, and Christ Anglican Church has a long history dating to the beginnings of Colchester as a settlement. The population is approximately 900.
Colchester is the birthplace and hometown of railroad engineer and inventor Elijah McCoy, whose name is a possible origin of the phrase "the real McCoy".
Leamington is a municipality in Essex County, Ontario and has a population of 28,833. It is the southernmost community in Canada, located on Point Pelee. In 2006, Leamington was named Canada's best place to live by MoneySense magazine. (Standing in 14th place, as of Dec. 2007.) It has a large H. J. Heinz Company factory and is known as the "Tomato Capital of Canada", with 4 km² of this crop in the vicinity. It also lays claim to being the "Sun Parlour" of Canada due to its southern location.
Leamington is situated on the beautiful north shore of Lake Erie and is in close affinity with Point Pelee National Park, a major site for migrating birds especially in spring. As such, it plays host to many birdwatchers from Canada, the United States and further afield from all around the world, especially in the peak month of May. The region is also known for the migration of Monarch butterflies, which congregate in the fall at Point Pelee before making their way across Lake Erie on their route to winter quarters in central Mexico.
Another important natural area near Leamington is the wetland at Hillman Marsh, located 4 miles east of the town.
The tourist information booth in the center of town is a large fiberglass tomato. The town's water tower, visible for miles in the flat southern Ontario landscape, is also in the shape and color of a giant tomato. Celebrating its position as an agricultural powerhouse and its heritage as the H.J. Heinz Company's center for processing "red goods," the city hosts a "Tomato Festival" each August, as a kickoff of the tomato harvesting season. Car shows, beauty pageants, parades, and a fair are features of the Festival.
Its position on the north shore of Lake Erie makes it an important recreational center. Leamington has a large and modern marina not far from several excellent restaurants and hotels/motels. Auto ferry and passenger/bicycle ferry boats (M/V Jiimaan and M/V Pelee Islander) owned by the Owen Sound Transportation Company run on a regularly-scheduled seasonal basis from Leamington to Pelee Island and to Sandusky, Ohio.
Lake St. Clair (French: Lac Sainte-Claire) is a lake that lies between Ontario, Canada, and Michigan in the United States, located about 6 miles (9.7 km) northeast of Detroit and Windsor, Ontario. Approximately 430 square miles (1,100 km²) in area, the lake is part of the Great Lakes system; however, because of its relatively small size, it is rarely, if ever, included in enumerations of the Great Lakes, although actions have been taken to include it as an officially-recognized Great Lake itself, including in 2002. The lake, along with the St. Clair River and Detroit River, provides the connection between Lake Huron to the north and Lake Erie to the south.
The lake is 26 miles (42 km) from north to south and 24 miles (39 km) from east to west. It is a very shallow lake with an average depth of about 11 feet (3.3 m), and a maximum natural depth of 21.3 feet (6.5 m), although it is 27 feet (8.2 m) deep in the navigation channel which has been dredged for freighter passage. The lake is fed from Lake Huron at its north by the St. Clair River, which has an extensive delta, the largest within the Great Lakes system. The Thames River and Sydenham River enter the lake from the east in Southwestern Ontario, and the Clinton River enters from Michigan on the west. The lake is drained on its southwest end into Lake Erie by the Detroit River.
The residence time of water in Lake St. Clair averages 7 days, but can vary from 2 to 30 days, depending on wind direction and circulation patterns. If the water flows through the navigation channel, which is maintained by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the time the water remains in the lake is perhaps just 2 days.